There are hundreds of underground cities of different sizes in the Cappadocia region. These cities, which have a history of about three thousand years, dating back to the Hittite period, were built by deep carving of soft volcanic tuff and used for protection. Some of them are large enough for thirty thousand people to live. Kaymaklı, Özkonak and Derinkuyu underground cities are among the most visited.
When we say underground city, we can talk about a real city; It is possible to talk about a place with a size and capacity where people can live for a long time. Thousands of people could hide for a long time and live without the need to go out in times of danger in these places, which consisted of kitchens, food warehouses, wine cellars, water tanks, churches, large doors with bolts, meeting rooms, bedrooms, ventilation shafts, tunnels connecting to the city, and hundreds of corridors.
In this underground city, where those with claustrophobia may find it difficult, it is necessary to bend down and walk through very narrow tunnels, but it’s definitely worth it.